Anton Kelly

Residents in community schemes have many of the same property related problems as residents in traditional suburban homes, but they can be exacerbated by neighbours’ closer physical proximity. Noise, tobacco smoke and cooking odours are some that spring to mind.

Some problems can be exacerbated because individuals have very strong emotional responses to them. Pets and trees are the ones that spring to mind here

The main problems with trees are encroachment, maintenance and removal, who performs these tasks and, crucially, who has to pay.

Encroachment includes overhanging branches that drop leaves or fruit, and roots that lift paving, damage drains or undermine walls. Trees cutting out light and sunshine is very often perceived as encroachment and although it is not encroachment – because we don’t have a right to a view or to light – it can definitely be annoying!

Trees need maintenance, trimming and cleaning up and sometimes they need to be removed. Removing a large tree is expensive and disruptive to ordinary life in the neighbourhood.

The common law position is that if a tree on a neighbouring property encroaches on your property, either by overhanging branches or root ingress, you are entitled to ask your neighbour to trim the branches or roots and remove the off cuts. If the neighbour fails to do this, you are entitled to do it yourself, as long as you do not enter your neighbour’s property to do so.

Sectional title legislation complicates this principle because the siting of a tree that needs attention governs who is responsible for the cost. There are two possibilities: the tree could either be on unregulated common property or on an exclusive use area.

If the tree is on unregulated common property, the trustees must decide what maintenance needs to be carried out, they will arrange it and the costs will be paid by the body corporate. If the tree is in an exclusive use garden, ultimately the trustees must make the decision as to what maintenance must be carried out, have it done and recover the cost from the owner holding the rights (this is assuming the maintenance is more than what could reasonably be considered “gardening”).

It’s worth mentioning here that although owners are obliged to allow access to their exclusive use gardens for the body corporate to perform maintenance, the maintenance must be at reasonable times and with reasonable notice.

The uncertainty comes when a tree in an exclusive use garden causes some kind of problem in a neighbouring exclusive use garden. Is it the two owners who have to resolve the matter, bearing in mind their duty to keep the area neat and clean and their entitlement to gardening activities, or should the trustees get involved?

There are various parts of the Act that apply. Owners are required to keep their exclusive use areas neat and clean, and the body corporate is responsible for the maintenance of the common property. The Act prohibits an owner from using their sections or exclusive use areas in such a way as to cause a nuisance to the occupier of another section.
If a polite request to the owner with the encroaching tree to remedy the problem yields no result, the trustees need to be informed so that they can attend to the matter on behalf of the affected owner.

Article reference: Paddocks Press: Volume 10, Issue 7, Page 3.

Anton Kelly is an extremely knowledgeable specialist Sectional Title and HOA teacher and consultant. Having been the lead teacher on all the Paddocks courses for the last 5 years, Anton lives and breathes Sectional Title and HOA law, all day every day. There are not many issues he hasn’t come across before.

This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution license.

Back to Paddocks Press – July 2015 Edition.


  • […] placed within a section or on common property within a scheme may also obstruct your view. An interesting article deals with this […]

  • Andre Ferreira
    18/03/2017 14:32

    What happens when an tree/trees encroaches on an sectional title property (leaves,seeds, overhanging branches), but the tree is located on a property neighbouting the sectional title property, but is not oart of the sectional title complex? On a private neighbouring propert in othe words? Whobis responsible for the maintenance of the trees?

  • Paddocks
    23/03/2017 15:58

    Dear Andre,

    Thank you for your comment. We are more than happy to help, however we do not give free opinions / advice. Please email us on with regards to your matter, and we can provide you with a no-obligation quote, so that we can assist you.

    Kind regards,

    17/01/2018 21:19

    Good day,
    My parents stay in a sectional title complex where by they are the legal owner of that flat they stay in – but both my parents are smokers my father is a change smoker the people above him have laid a complaint the my father’s smoke is disturbing them. They only smoke inside the flat with the sliding door open. Has he got the right to smoke inside his own flat with the door open or what does the law state about smoking inside your own flat, that is, sectional title?

    • Paddocks
      18/01/2018 12:52

      Good day Elize,
      Thank you for your comment. We would love to help but unfortunately do not give free advice. We do offer consulting via telephone for R390 for 10 minutes. If you prefer, we have Paddocks Club, an exclusive online club, headed by Prof Graham Paddock, to help you get answers to your questions about sectional title, home owners’ associations and other types of community schemes.

  • Marion Carol Bubly
    23/03/2021 20:11

    Trees on my property caysed the dividing wall to collapse, tree and roots need to be removed whose liable for cost

    • Paddocks
      24/03/2021 12:27

      Hi Marion,

      Thank you for your comment. Please note that our legal team would need to assist with this matter. Please email the details of the matter to and the team will provide a no-obligation quotation for their assistance with your query.

      Kind regards
      Paddocks Team